|Sunscreen should be worn daily. It is your skin’s best defense against the sun’s powerful rays to prevent skin damage and it also helps to keep your skin looking young and healthy. Each sunscreen that comes to market has different ingredients. I encourage women to have two sunscreens – one for her face and one for her body. |
The reason for this is because we want and need extra protection on our face, neck and décolleté. These areas of our bodies receive the most exposure to the sun, not just in the summer, but year round!
|Did you know?|
In 2011, the FDA banned advertisers from using the word “sunblock” to describe products because the term overstates effectiveness. They also banned companies that produce physical sunscreens from using the terms “sweat resistant” and “waterproof”. They are allowed to use the term “water resistant”, but only if the formula repels water.
What is a physical sunscreen? This term refers to sunscreens that act as a physical barrier between your skin are the sun. It is also called mineral sunscreen because it contains minerals such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide and these act as UV filters by reflecting the sun’s harmful rays before they are able to penetrate into the layers of your skin.
When physical sunscreens are rubbed off the skin, they’re essentially ineffective. This type of sunscreen must be applied more carefully, to ensure they cover every inch of the skin. If the skin remains dry, physical barrier sunscreens do last longer than chemical sunscreens and are less likely to clog pores. For this reason, and because they remain on the surface of the skin to deflect the sun’s heat and energy, they’re ideal for those with sensitive or acne prone complexions.
Since this type of sunscreen is sitting on your skin to be a protective barrier, you can apply right before you are heading outdoors.
What other types of sunscreens are there?
There are chemical sunscreens. These can prevent skin damage by absorbing harmful UV radiation. The organic compounds – such as homosalate, avobenzone, octocrylene- are absorbed by the skin rather than sitting on top like the physical sunscreens are. When your skin is then exposed to the sun’s UV rays, these compounds will undergo a chemical reaction that converts radiation into heat which is then released by your skin. As this happens, the sunscreen loses its protective abilities and you will need to reapply frequently if exposed to UV light for extended periods of time. These types of sunscreens can cause redness and flushing in sensitive or rosacea-prone skin.
Unlike physical barriers, chemical-based sunscreen are meant be applied 30 minutes before exposure to UV rays so that it can be properly absorbed into the skin. Be aware that chemical sunscreens are often oil based, therefore they can clog they pores they are penetrating.
What is the best?
A broad-spectrum sunscreen contains ingredients to protect you from both UVA and UVB rays. A broad-spectrum formula usually contain both physical and chemical sun protection ingredients, although there are certain chemical and physical ingredients that work to repel both types of UV light. Because broad-spectrum sunscreens protect from both types of harmful sun rays, opting for this type of sunscreen is always recommended. For maximum protection sunscreen should be applied directly to skin, before moisturizer and makeup. If you need to add more later over your moisturizer, that is ok too, but make sure you have allowed products to fully absorb before adding another to it.
If you need help determining what would work for you, just ask!